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Principle of cleaning to prevent fouling of plate heat exchanger

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Principle of cleaning to prevent fouling of plate heat exchanger
Click number:- Release time:2020-07-21

Heat exchanger smooth fluent area is small, the internal structure is complex, if the cleaning fluid produces precipitation is not easy to discharge.

The material of heat exchanger is nickel/titanium alloy, using hydrochloric acid as the cleaning fluid. Easily on the plate to produce strong erosion, shortening the service life of the heat exchanger.

Operation of the water quality off, the need for the system in the water and softening tank in the softening water for strict water quality testing, qualified before injecting people In the pipe network. Organic acids mainly include: oxalic acid, formic acid and so on. Through the acid immersion test, it was found that formic acid can effectively remove the scale attached to the plate, while its erosion of the heat exchanger plate also Very small.

The choice of cleaning agent, currently used, is acid washing, which includes organic and inorganic acids.

 fouling of plate heat exchanger

1. Solubility

Acid solution easily reacts with calcium, magnesium, carbonate scale, natural soluble compounds, so that the scale dissolved.

When the new system is put into operation, the heat exchanger should be separated from the system, after a period of time round, then the heat exchanger and people in the system. In order to avoid impurities in the pipe network into the heat exchanger. In the formic acid cleaning fluid into the buffer and surfactant, the heat exchanger cleaning effect is better, and can reduce the cleaning fluid on the plate erosion. For the hard to dissolve or slow to dissolve layer of scale, it has a certain lifting force to make the scale fall off from the heated surface of the heat exchanger. For insoluble or slow dissolving layer of water scale, with a certain lifting power, so that the scale from the heat exchanger off the heated surface.

2. Gas lifting effect

The acid solution reacts with calcium, magnesium and carbonate scale to produce a large amount of carbon dioxide. Inorganic acids are mainly: hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and so on.

3. Stripping effect

Acid solutions can dissolve oxides on metal surfaces. Destruction of the bond with the scale.

4. Loosening effect: for silicate and sulfate containing mixed scale, because calcium, magnesium, carbonate and iron oxides in the acid solution. Dissolved, the remaining scale becomes loose and is easily washed down by the active acid solution. Through the scale samples of chemical test studies show that formic acid can effectively remove scale.

 shevron plate heat exchanger plates

Carbon dioxide gas during the spillage process. This strips the scale adhering to the surface of the metal oxide. Strictly following the cleaning method of plate heat exchanger is an important guarantee for the normal operation of the output. And fall off. In addition to unscheduled cleaning throughout the system, the dirt remover and filter should be kept clean in the pipe network to prevent Heat exchanger fouling. Based on the analysis of heat exchanger scale and process, material and scale composition, it is concluded that formic acid is the best choice as cleaning fluid.

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